Hepatitis C transmission — where are we now?

A Clarke, R Kulasegaram
International Journal of STD & AIDS 2006, 17 (2): 74-80; quiz 80
Since the discovery of hepatitis C virus (HCV) in 1989, there has been much debate regarding its potential modes of transmission particularly as only about half of the reported cases of acute HCV have a defined parenteral exposure. It has been clearly established that blood-blood contact is important in its transmission, but the question of sexual transmission has caused more controversy with studies producing conflicting evidence. The objective of this review was to examine the current evidence on all reported routes of transmission of hepatitis C with particular attention to sexual transmission in men having sex with men (MSM) and HIV-positive individuals. We conducted PubMed searches using keywords hepatitis C, transmission, sexual, HIV, MSM, mother to child, haemophilia, intravenous drug use, tattooing and skin piercing. The bibliographies in articles identified were also searched.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"