Rengyolone inhibits inducible nitric oxide synthase expression and nitric oxide production by down-regulation of NF-kappaB and p38 MAP kinase activity in LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells

Jin Hee Kim, Dong Hyun Kim, Seung Hwa Baek, Ho Jae Lee, Mee Ree Kim, Ho Jeong Kwon, Choong-Hwan Lee
Biochemical Pharmacology 2006 April 14, 71 (8): 1198-205
Nitric oxide (NO) is recognized as a mediator and regulator of inflammatory responses. Rengyolone, a cyclohexylethanoid isolated from the fruits of Forsythia koreana, exhibits anti-inflammatory activity with unknown mechanism. In this study, we found that rengyolone has a strong inhibitory effect on the production of nitric oxide (NO) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha). Rengyolone also inhibited inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) gene expression and cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) by lipopolysaccharide (LPS). In order to explore the mechanism responsible for the inhibition of iNOS gene expression by rengyolone, we investigated its effect on LPS-induced nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) activation. The LPS-induced DNA binding activity of NF-kappaB was significantly inhibited by rengyolone, and this effect was mediated through inhibition of the degradation of inhibitory factor-kappaBalpha and phosphorylation of p38 MAP kinase. Furthermore, rengyolone suppressed the expression of ICE protein in IL-1beta-treated D10S cells. Taken together, these results suggest that rengyolone attenuates the inflammation through inhibition of NO production and iNOS expression by blockade of NF-kappaB and p38 MAPK activation in LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells.

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