Intermolecular interaction between hexafluorobenzene and benzene: Ab initio calculations including CCSD(T) level electron correlation correction

Seiji Tsuzuki, Tadafumi Uchimaru, Masuhiro Mikami
Journal of Physical Chemistry. A 2006 February 9, 110 (5): 2027-33
The intermolecular interaction energy of hexafluorobenzene-benzene has been calculated with the ARS-E model (a model chemistry for the evaluation of the intermolecular interaction energy between aromatic systems using extrapolation), which was formerly called the AIMI model. The CCSD(T) interaction energy at the basis-set limit has been estimated from the MP2 interaction energy at the basis-set limit and the CCSD(T) correction term obtained using a medium-sized basis set. The slipped-parallel (Cs) complex has the largest (most negative) interaction energy (-5.38 kcal/mol). The sandwich (C6v) complex is slightly less stable (-5.07 kcal/mol). The interaction energies of two T-shaped (C2v) complexes are very small (-1.74 and -0.88 kcal/mol). The calculated interaction energy of the slipped-parallel complex is about twice as large as that of the benzene dimer. The dispersion interaction is found to be the major source of attraction in the complex, although electrostatic interaction also contributes to the attraction. The dispersion interaction increases the relative stability of the slipped-parallel benzene dimer and the hexafluorobenzene-benzene complex compared to T-shaped ones. The electrostatic interaction is repulsive in the slipped-parallel benzene dimer, whereas it stabilizes the slipped-parallel hexafluorobenzene-benzene complex. Both electrostatic and dispersion interactions stabilize the slipped-parallel hexafluorobenzene-benzene complex, which is the cause of the preference of the slipped-parallel orientation and the larger interaction energy of the complex compared to the benzene dimer.

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