OPEN IN READ APP
JOURNAL ARTICLE

In vitro and in vivo characterization of recombinant human butyrylcholinesterase (Protexia) as a potential nerve agent bioscavenger

D M Cerasoli, E M Griffiths, B P Doctor, A Saxena, J M Fedorko, N H Greig, Q S Yu, Y Huang, H Wilgus, C N Karatzas, I Koplovitz, D E Lenz
Chemico-biological Interactions 2005 December 15, 157-158: 363-5
16429486
Previous studies in rodents and nonhuman primates have demonstrated that pretreatment with cholinesterases can provide significant protection against behavioral and lethal effects of nerve agent intoxication. Human butyrylcholinesterase (HuBuChE) purified from plasma has been shown to protect against up to 5 x LD50s of nerve agents in guinea pigs and non-human primates, and is currently being explored as a bioscavenger pretreatment for human use. A recombinant form of HuBuChE has been expressed in the milk of transgenic goats as a product called Protexia. Protexia was supplied by Nexia Biotechnologies (Que., Canada) as a purified solution with a specific activity of 600 U/mg. Initial in vitro studies using radiolabeled 3H-soman or 3H-DFP (diisopropyl fluorophosphate) demonstrated that these inhibitors specifically bind to Protexia. When Protexia was mixed with soman, sarin, tabun or VX using varying molar ratios of enzyme to nerve agent (8:1, 4:1, 1:1 and 1:4, respectively), the data indicated that 50% inhibition of enzyme activity occurs around the 1:1 molar ratio for each of the nerve agents. Protexia was further characterized for its interaction with pyridostigmine bromide and six unique carbamate inhibitors of cholinesterase. IC50 and Ki values for Protexia were determined to be very similar to those of HuBuChE purified from human plasma. These data suggest that Protexia has biochemical properties very similar to those HuBuChE when compared in vitro. Together these data the continued development of the goat milk-derived recombinant HuBuChE Protexia as a potential bioscavenger of organophosphorus nerve agents.

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
16429486
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"