JOURNAL ARTICLE
REVIEW

[Measures to reduce absorption in the treatment of intoxications]

I de Vries, G A van Zoelen, A J H van Riel, J Meulenbelt
Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde 2005 December 31, 149 (53): 2964-8
16425848
New guidelines on gastrointestinal decontamination in overdose situations have been published. In cases of serious and potentially life-threatening intoxication, gastric lavage can be performed up to 1 hour after ingestion. It should not be considered as routine treatment. If a patient has ingested a potentially toxic amount of a poison which is known to be absorbed by charcoal, single-dose activated charcoal in powder form may be considered up to 1 hour after ingestion. After ingestion of a potentially lethal amount of a toxin that is travelling through the enterohepatic or entero-enteral circulation, multiple-dose activated charcoal can be considered. The efficacy of carbamazepine, theophylline, quinine, dapsone and phenobarbital has been proven. In the treatment of potentially life-threatening intoxications with sustained-release preparations or drug-filled packages, particularly after ingestion of substances that do not bind to activated charcoal, whole bowel irrigation can be considered. Only ifdefaecation is insufficient should administration of a laxative together with activated charcoal be considered.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
16425848
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"