CASE REPORTS
JOURNAL ARTICLE
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Adult abdominal migraine: a new syndrome or sporadic feature of migraine headache? A case report.

Abdominal migraine is one of the variants of migraine headache typically occurring in children and coded as 1.3.2 in the revised edition of IHS classification within the group 'Childhood periodic syndromes that are commonly precursors of migraine'. The affected children frequently develop typical migraine later in their life. We report a case of a 23 years old woman affected by attacks of recurrent abdominal pain accompanied by migraine. Abdominal pain attacks started in the adolescence and persisted without headache until the patient was 21. At this time, she experienced migraine pain accompanied by nausea, photophobia and phonophobia and associated to acute abdominal pain. Neuroimaging investigations and laboratory testing excluded any underlying organic disease. Complete remission of abdominal attacks was obtained during 4-month treatment period with pizotifen. Attacks fulfil IHS diagnostic criteria for 'abdominal migraine', although of late onset. This case report suggests that 'abdominal migraine' is a migraineous disorder to be hypothesized in adult patients after having disclosed any organic disease. As reported in the literature, 'adult abdominal migraine' is a sporadic migraine subtype in adult patients and it is not to be considered as a new migraineous syndrome.

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