NADPH oxidase is involved in angiotensin II-induced apoptosis in H9C2 cardiac muscle cells: effects of apocynin

Fuzhong Qin, Ravish Patel, Chen Yan, Weimin Liu
Free Radical Biology & Medicine 2006 January 15, 40 (2): 236-46
Angiotensin II stimulates NADPH oxidase activity in vascular cells. However, it is not fully understood whether angiotensin II, which plays an important role in heart failure, stimulates NADPH oxidase activation and expression in cardiac myocytes. Previous studies have shown that angiotensin II induces myocyte apoptosis, but whether the change is mediated via NADPH oxidase remains to be elucidated. In this study we proposed to determine whether angiotensin II stimulated NADPH oxidase activation and NADPH oxidase subunit p47-phox expression in H9C2 cardiac muscle cells. If so, we would determine whether the NADPH oxidase inhibitor apocynin prevented angiotensin II-induced apoptosis. The results showed that angiotensin II increased NADPH oxidase activity, p47-phox protein and mRNA expression, intracellular reactive oxygen species, and apoptosis in H9C2 cells. Angiotensin II elevated p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) activity, decreased Bcl-2 protein, and increased Bax protein and caspase-3 activity. Apocynin treatment inhibited angiotensin II-induced NADPH oxidase activation and increases in p47-phox expression, intracellular reactive oxygen species, and apoptosis. The effect of apocynin on apoptosis was associated with reduced p38 MAPK activity, increased Bcl-2 protein, and decreased Bax protein and caspase-3 activity. These results suggest that angiotensin II-induced apoptosis is mediated via NADPH oxidase activation probably through p38 MAPK activation, a decrease in Bcl-2 protein, and caspase activation.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"