JOURNAL ARTICLE

NADPH oxidase is involved in angiotensin II-induced apoptosis in H9C2 cardiac muscle cells: effects of apocynin

Fuzhong Qin, Ravish Patel, Chen Yan, Weimin Liu
Free Radical Biology & Medicine 2006 January 15, 40 (2): 236-46
16413406
Angiotensin II stimulates NADPH oxidase activity in vascular cells. However, it is not fully understood whether angiotensin II, which plays an important role in heart failure, stimulates NADPH oxidase activation and expression in cardiac myocytes. Previous studies have shown that angiotensin II induces myocyte apoptosis, but whether the change is mediated via NADPH oxidase remains to be elucidated. In this study we proposed to determine whether angiotensin II stimulated NADPH oxidase activation and NADPH oxidase subunit p47-phox expression in H9C2 cardiac muscle cells. If so, we would determine whether the NADPH oxidase inhibitor apocynin prevented angiotensin II-induced apoptosis. The results showed that angiotensin II increased NADPH oxidase activity, p47-phox protein and mRNA expression, intracellular reactive oxygen species, and apoptosis in H9C2 cells. Angiotensin II elevated p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) activity, decreased Bcl-2 protein, and increased Bax protein and caspase-3 activity. Apocynin treatment inhibited angiotensin II-induced NADPH oxidase activation and increases in p47-phox expression, intracellular reactive oxygen species, and apoptosis. The effect of apocynin on apoptosis was associated with reduced p38 MAPK activity, increased Bcl-2 protein, and decreased Bax protein and caspase-3 activity. These results suggest that angiotensin II-induced apoptosis is mediated via NADPH oxidase activation probably through p38 MAPK activation, a decrease in Bcl-2 protein, and caspase activation.

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