Activation of protein kinase C zeta by peroxynitrite regulates LKB1-dependent AMP-activated protein kinase in cultured endothelial cells

Zhonglin Xie, Yunzhou Dong, Miao Zhang, Mei-Zhen Cui, Richard A Cohen, Uwe Riek, Dietbert Neumann, Uwe Schlattner, Ming-Hui Zou
Journal of Biological Chemistry 2006 March 10, 281 (10): 6366-75
We previously reported the phosphoinositide 3-kinase-dependent activation of the 5'-AMP-activated kinase (AMPK) by peroxynitrite (ONOO-) and hypoxia-reoxygenation in cultured endothelial cells. Here we show the molecular mechanism of activation of this pathway. Exposure of bovine aortic endothelial cells to ONOO- significantly increased the phosphorylation of both Thr172 of AMPK and Ser1179 of endothelial nitric-oxide synthase, a known downstream enzyme of AMPK. In addition, activation of AMPK by ONOO- was accompanied by increased phosphorylation of protein kinase Czeta (PKCzeta) (Thr410/403) and translocation of cytosolic PKCzeta into the membrane. Further, inhibition of PKCzeta abrogated ONOO- -induced AMPK-Thr172 phosphorylation as that of endothelial nitric-oxide synthase. Furthermore, overexpression of a constitutively active PKCzeta mutant enhanced the phosphorylation of AMPK-Thr172, suggesting that PKCzeta is upstream of AMPK activation. In contrast, ONOO- activated PKCzeta in LKB1-deficient HeLa-S3 but affected neither AMPK-Thr172 nor AMPK activity. These data suggest that LKB1 is required for PKCzeta-enhanced AMPK activation. In vitro, recombinant PKCzeta phosphorylated LKB1 at Ser428, resulting in phosphorylation of AMPK at Thr172. Further, direct mutation of Ser428 of LKB1 into alanine, like the kinase-inactive LKB1 mutant, abolished ONOO- -induced AMPK activation. In several cell types originating from human, rat, and mouse, inhibition of PKCzeta significantly attenuated the phosphorylation of both LKB1-Ser428 and AMPK-Thr172 that were enhanced by ONOO-. Taken together, we conclude that PKCzeta can regulate AMPK activity by increasing the Ser428 phosphorylation of LKB1, resulting in association of LKB1 with AMPK and consequent AMPK Thr172 phosphorylation by LKB1.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"