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Anaerobic treatment of phenol in wastewater under thermophilic condition

H H P Fang, D W Liang, T Zhang, Y Liu
Water Research 2006, 40 (3): 427-34
16406477
Over 99% of phenol was effectively degraded in an upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) reactor at 55 degrees C with 40 h of hydraulic retention time (HRT) for a wastewater containing 630 mg/L of phenol, corresponding to 1500 mg/L of chemical oxygen demand (COD) and a loading rate of 0.9 g-COD/L/d. The maximum specific methanogenic activity (SMA) of the phenol-degrading sludge was 0.09 g-CH4-COD/g-volatile suspended solids (VSS)/d. Based on 16S rDNA analysis, a total of 21 operational taxonomy units (OTUs) were found in the sludge, of which eight (42.6% of the total population) were related to the sequences in the GenBank with similarity of over 97%, and 13 (79.6%) were affiliated with the known thermophilic species. Additional SMA data and phylogenetic analysis suggest that the degradation pathway of phenol for thermophilic sludge was likely via caproate, instead of benzoate as for the mesophilic sludge.

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