COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Comparison of low-level sarin and cyclosarin vapor exposure on pupil size of the Gottingen minipig: effects of exposure concentration and duration

Stanley W Hulet, Douglas R Sommerville, Ronald B Crosier, Paul A Dabisch, Dennis B Miller, Bernard J Benton, Jeffry S Forster, Jacqueline A Scotto, Jill R Jarvis, Candice Krauthauser, William T Muse, Sharon A Reutter, Robert J Mioduszewski, Sandra A Thomson
Inhalation Toxicology 2006, 18 (2): 143-53
16393929
The current studies estimated effective (miosis) concentrations of the nerve agents' sarin (GB) and cyclosarin (GF) as a function of exposure duration in the Gottingen minipig and determined dependency of the median effective dosage (ECT50) over time. Male and female Gottingen minipigs were exposed to various concentrations of vapor GB or GF for 10, 60, or 180 min. Infrared images of the pig's pupil before, during, and after nerve agent exposure were captured digitally and pupil area was quantified. An animal was classified "positive" for miosis if there was a 50% reduction in pupil area (as compared to baseline) at any time during or after the GB or GF exposure. Maximum likelihood estimation was used on the resulting quantal data to calculate ECT50 (miosis) values, with approximate 95% confidence intervals, for each of the six gender-exposure duration groups. As a group, male minipigs were significantly more sensitive to the pupil constricting effects of GF than were female minipigs. In male minipigs, GF is approximately equipotent to GB for 60-min exposures and more potent for 10- and 180-min exposures. In the female minipig GF is slightly more potent than GB for 10-min exposures but then progressively becomes less potent over the 60- and 180-min durations of exposure. The values of the toxic load exponents were essentially independent of the model fits used: 1.32 +/- 0.18 for GB exposures and 1.60 +/- 0.22 for GF exposures. Since neither of these intervals overlaps 1, Haber's rule is not an appropriate time-dependence model for these data sets.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
16393929
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"