Analysis of the outcomes of cardiopulmonary resuscitation in an emergency department

Vedat Ozcan, Celaleddin Demircan, Zulfi Engindenizi, Gulay Turanoglu, Fatma Ozdemir, Ozgur Ocak, Huseyin Cebicci, Semra Akgoz
Acta Cardiologica 2005, 60 (6): 581-7

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to analyse the factors affecting emergency department (ED) cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) outcome.

METHODS: A standard CPR protocol was performed in all patients and certain pre and postresuscitation parameters including age, sex, initial arrest rhythm, primary underlying disease, initiation time of advanced cardiac life support, duration of return of spontaneous circulation were recorded. Patients were followed up to determine rates of successful CPR, survival and one-year survival.

RESULTS: From December 1999 to May 2001, 80 consecutive adult patients in whom a standard CPR was performed in the ED were prospectively included in the study. The overall rate for successful CPR, survival and one-year survival were found to be 58.8% (47/80), 15% (12/80) and 10% (8/80), respectively. Survival and one-year survival rates were better in patients with an initial arrest rhythm of ventricular fibrillation or pulseless ventricular tachycardia (VF/pVT) than both pulseless electrical activity (pEA) and asystole; survival and one-year survival rates were better in patients with a primary underlying disease of cardiac origin than non-cardiac origin. Acute myocardial infarction had the best prognosis among conditions causing arrest. Presence of sudden death was found to have a better survival and one-year survival rate.

CONCLUSION: Initial cardiac rhythm of VF/pVT, cardiac origin as the primary disease causing cardiopulmonary arrest and presence of sudden death were found to be good prognostic factors in CPR.

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