Percutaneous endovascular repair of blunt thoracic aortic transection

Brian G Peterson, Jon S Matsumura, Mark D Morasch, Michael A West, Mark K Eskandari
Journal of Trauma 2005, 59 (5): 1062-5

BACKGROUND: Untreated traumatic aortic transection carries a mortality rate higher than 85%. Standard therapy has been open repair via a left thoracotomy with systemic heparin and is associated with a high risk of paralysis. We reviewed our experience of endoluminal stent-graft repair for treatment of acute traumatic thoracic aortic transection.

METHODS: Between February 2001 and February 2005, 11 patients sustaining severe blunt trauma with multiple injuries underwent acute endovascular repair for thoracic aortic transection with 'off-the-shelf' commercially available proximal aortic cuffs. No systemic heparin was used. Access to the aorta was obtained either through a femoral/iliac cutdown (n = 4) or percutaneously through the femoral artery (n = 7). Mean follow-up was 21 months (range, 3-49 months).

RESULTS: Technically successful repair was achieved in 100% of patients, as determined by completion angiography demonstrating apposition of the stent-grafts to the aortic wall, normal perfusion of the aortic branches, and exclusion of the aortic transection without evidence of extravasation. None of the patients required secondary interventions, and there were no instances of death or paralysis. Patient follow-up, using computed tomography angiography, demonstrated durability of endovascular repair without evidence of endoleak, stent migration, or late pseudoaneurysm formation.

CONCLUSION: Adaptation and use of commercially available abdominal devices in the thoracic aorta has proven to be technically feasible. Urgent repair of thoracic aortic transection in the setting of blunt trauma can be transformed into a well-tolerated surgical intervention using endovascular techniques. Long-term durability of endovascular repair of traumatic thoracic transections remains unknown, but early and midterm results are promising.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"