Minimal change disease in association with fire coral (Millepora species) exposure

G V Ramesh Prasad, Lloyd Vincent, Robert Hamilton, Ki Lim
American Journal of Kidney Diseases 2006, 47 (1): e15-6
Numerous agents have been associated with minimal change disease. We describe a previously unreported association in a 45-year-old white woman of scuba diving exposure to fire coral (Millepora species) that was followed by the development of nephrotic syndrome, acute renal failure, pulmonary edema, and intubation. The renal biopsy specimen was consistent with minimal change disease. Institution of corticosteroid therapy resulted in symptomatic improvement and resolution of proteinuria. Physicians, particularly those in scuba-diving areas, should consider minimal change disease in exposed patients with proteinuria because a prompt diagnostic and therapeutic approach may potentially limit complications.

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