COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Recovery of corneal subbasal nerve density after PRK and LASIK

Jay C Erie, Jay W McLaren, David O Hodge, William M Bourne
American Journal of Ophthalmology 2005, 140 (6): 1059-1064
16376651

PURPOSE: To measure and compare the return of corneal innervation up to 5 years after photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) and laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK).

DESIGN: Prospective, nonrandomized clinical trial.

METHODS: Eighteen eyes of 12 patients received PRK to correct a mean refractive error of -3.73 +/- 1.30 diopters, and 16 eyes of 11 patients received LASIK to correct a mean refractive error of -6.56 +/- 2.44 diopters. Corneas were examined by confocal microscopy before and at 1, 2, 3, and 5 years after the procedures. Subbasal nerve fiber bundles were measured to determine density (visible length of nerve/frame area) and expressed as micrometers per square millimeters. Differences were compared by Friedman's test and adjusted for multiple comparisons by the Student-Newman-Keuls procedure.

RESULTS: After PRK, mean subbasal nerve density was reduced by 59% at 1 year (2764 +/- 1321 microm/mm(2) [+/-SD]) when compared with preoperative (6786 +/- 1948 microm/mm(2); P < .001). By 2 years, subbasal nerve density (6242 +/- 1763 microm/mm(2)) was not significantly different from density before PRK and remained unchanged to 5 years (5903 +/- 3086 microm/mm(2)). After LASIK, subbasal nerve density was reduced by 51%, 35%, and 34% at 1, 2, and 3 years, respectively (P < .001). By 5 years, subbasal nerves had returned to densities (4441 +/- 2819 microm/mm(2)) that were not significantly different from densities before LASIK (5589 +/- 2436 microm/mm(2)).

CONCLUSION: Corneal subbasal nerve density does not recover to near preoperative densities until 5 years after LASIK, as compared with 2 years after PRK.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
16376651
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.