Electron transport in coumarin-dye-sensitized nanocrystalline TiO2 electrodes

Kohjiro Hara, Koji Miyamoto, Yoshimoto Abe, Masatoshi Yanagida
Journal of Physical Chemistry. B 2005 December 22, 109 (50): 23776-8
We investigated electron transport kinetics in terms of electron diffusion coefficient (D) and electron lifetime (tau) in coumarin-dye-sensitized nanocrystalline TiO2 electrodes by intensity-modulated photocurrent spectroscopy (IMPS) and intensity-modulated photovoltage spectroscopy (IMVS). We found that the values of tau for coumarin-dye-sensitized TiO2 electrodes were much shorter than that for an electrode coated with a Ru complex (N719 dye), suggesting that the back-electron-transfer process corresponding to recombination between conduction-band electrons in the TiO2 and I3- ions in the electrolyte occurs more easily in coumarin-dye-sensitized solar cells. In addition, the values of tau depended on the kind of coumarin dye, each of which has a different number of thiophene moieties, suggesting that the molecular structure of the adsorbed dyes also affects the kinetics of electron transport in the TiO2 electrodes.


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