Similar hormonal responses to concentric and eccentric muscle actions using relative loading

Robert R Kraemer, Daniel B Hollander, Greg V Reeves, Michelle Francois, Zaid G Ramadan, Bonnie Meeker, James L Tryniecki, E P Hebert, V Daniel Castracane
European Journal of Applied Physiology 2006, 96 (5): 551-7
Conventional resistance exercise is performed using sequential concentric (CON) and eccentric (ECC) contractions, utilizing the same muscle load. Thus, relative to maximal CON and ECC resistance, the ECC contraction is loaded to a lesser degree. We have recently shown that at the same absolute load, CON contractions are associated with greater growth hormone (GH) but similar total testosterone (TT) and free testosterone (FT) responses compared with ECC contractions and attributed the larger GH response to greater relative CON loading. In the present study, we have examined the same endocrine parameters to six different upper and lower body exercises using relative loading rather than absolute loading, hypothesizing that GH responses would be similar for CON and ECC actions, but TT and FT responses would be greater after ECC contractions. Seven young men with recreational weight training experience completed an ECC and CON muscle contraction trial on two different occasions in a counterbalanced fashion. The exercises consisted of four sets of 10 repetitions of lat pull-down, leg press, bench press, leg extension, military press, and leg curl exercises at 65% of an ECC or CON 1-RM with 90 s between sets and exercises. CON and ECC actions were performed at the same speed. ECC 1-RMs were considered to be 120% of the CON 1-RM for the same exercise. Blood samples were collected before, immediately after, and 15 min after the exercise. GH significantly increased across both trials but was not different between the two trials. Total testosterone was not significantly altered in response to either trial; however, free testosterone concentrations increased in response to both ECC and CON trials. Data suggest that CON and ECC muscle contractions produce similar GH, T, and free testosterone responses with the same relative loading.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"