Quantitative trait loci analysis for the developmental behavior of Soybean (Glycine max L. Merr.)

Desheng Sun, Wenbin Li, Zhongchen Zhang, Qingshan Chen, Hailong Ning, Lijuan Qiu, Genlou Sun
TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik 2006, 112 (4): 665-73
Quantitative trait loci (QTLs) identified so far in soybean were mainly derived in the final stage of plant development, which did not apply to the exploitation of genetic effects that were expressed during a specific developmental stage. Thus, the aim of this study was to identify conditional QTLs associated with yield traits at a specific developmental interval of soybean plant. The 143 recombinant inbred lines developed from the cross of soybean cultivars 'Charleston' and 'Dongnong 594' were used for the developmental QTLs analysis of pod number in the main stem and plant height by composite interval mapping method combined with mixed genetic model. The results indicated that the number and type of QTLs and their genetic effects for the two agronomic traits were different in a series of measuring stages. A total of 10 unconditional QTLs in 6 linkage groups and 5 conditional QTLs in 3 linkage groups were identified for the pod number of the main stem, while 13 unconditional QTLs in 7 linkage groups and 12 conditional QTLs in 6 linkage groups were identified for plant height. Many QTLs that were detected in the early stages were different from those detected at the later stages. Some QTLs existed only at one stage and others existed across two or three stages. Five marker intervals (satt509-satt251, sat_099-sat_113, sat_113-OPAW19_4, satt457-OPC10_85, sat_095-OPBA08_5) were proven to be associated both with the development of pod number in the main stem and the development of plant height. The present study suggested that the development of pods and plant height in soybean were governed by time-dependent gene expression.

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