Brachialis muscle transfer to the forearm muscles in obstetric brachial plexus palsy

J A Bertelli
Journal of Hand Surgery: Journal of the British Society for Surgery of the Hand 2006, 31 (3): 261-5
Tendon transfers are frequently needed to improve hand function in obstetric brachial plexus injuries. The reconstruction cannot always be achieved using local donor transfers in the forearm as these are not always available. In such cases, we propose the use of the brachialis muscle as a useful donor for transfer. Five adolescents with obstetric brachial plexus palsy were operated on to reconstruct wrist extension and/or pronation using the brachialis muscle transfer to the pronator teres (n=1), extensor carpi radialis brevis (n=1) and extensor carpi radialis longus (n=3). Twelve months after surgery, average active motion recovery was 20 degrees for wrist extension and 14 degrees for pronation. Active and passive range of motion was similar.

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