COMPARATIVE STUDY
EVALUATION STUDIES
JOURNAL ARTICLE
RESEARCH SUPPORT, U.S. GOV'T, P.H.S.
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Evaluation of a new single-parameter volumetric flow cytometer (CyFlow(green)) for enumeration of absolute CD4+ T lymphocytes in human immunodeficiency virus type 1-infected Thai patients.

Use of the standard dual-platform flow cytometric method for determination of CD4(+) T-lymphocyte counts, which needs both a flow cytometer (FCM) and hematological analyzer, would inevitably lead to increased variability. The development of new single-platform (SP) FCMs that provide direct CD4(+) T-lymphocyte counts for improved assay precision and accuracy have recently attracted attention. This study evaluated one of those systems, CyFlow(green) (Partec), a single-parameter SP volumetric FCM. The performance of CyFlow(green) was compared with those of two reference standard SP microbead-based technologies of the three-color TruCOUNT tube with the FACScan FCM and a two-color FACSCount system (Becton Dickinson Biosciences). Absolute CD4(+) and CD8(+) T-lymphocyte counts in 200 human immunodeficiency virus type 1-seropositive blood specimens were determined. Statistical analysis for correlation and agreement were performed. A high correlation of absolute CD4 counts was shown when those obtained with CyFlow(green) were compared with those obtained with the bead-based three-color TruCOUNT system (R(2)=0.96; mean bias, -69.1 cells/microl; 95% confidence interval [CI], -225.7 to+87.5 cells/microl) and the FACSCount system (R(2)=0.97; mean bias, -40.0 cells/microl; 95% CI, -165.1 to+85.1 cells/microl). The correlation of the CD4(+) T-lymphocyte counts obtained by the two bead-based systems was high (R(2)=0.98). Interestingly, CyFlow(green) yielded CD4(+) T-lymphocyte counts that were 21.8 and 7.2 cells/microl lower than those obtained with the TruCOUNT and the FACSCount systems, respectively, when CD4(+) T-lymphocyte counts were <250 CD4(+) T-lymphocyte counts/microl range or 17.3 and 5.8 cells/microl less, respectively, when CD4(+) T-lymphocyte counts were <200 cells/microl. The single-parameter CyFlow(green) volumetric technology performed well in comparison with the performance of the standard SP bead-based FCM system. However, a multicenter comparative study is needed before this FCM machine is implemented in resource-limited settings.

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