Oncological outcome of ultra-low anterior resection with total mesorectal excision for carcinoma of the lower third of the rectum: Comparison of intrapelvic double-stapled anastomosis and transanal coloanal anastomosis

Tohru Nakagoe, Hiroshi Ishikawa, Terumitsu Sawai, Takashi Tsuji, Hiroaki Takeshita, Atsushi Nanashima, Shinji Akamine, Hiroyuki Yamaguchi, Toru Yasutake
Hepato-gastroenterology 2005, 52 (66): 1692-7

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The purpose of this study was to determine whether the type of ultra-low anterior resection (intrapelvic double-stapled anastomosis or transanal hand-sewn coloanal anastomosis) with total mesorectal excision for primary adenocarcinoma of the lower third of the rectum affects survival and recurrence after curative surgery.

METHODOLOGY: This retrospective study included 112 patients who underwent curative surgery achieved by ultra-low anterior resection in combination with either intrapelvic anastomosis using a double-stapling technique (DST group; n=82) or transanal hand-sewn coloanal anastomosis (CAA group; n=30). Univariate and corrected (multivariate regression) analyses were used to evaluate data. Median follow-up was 51.2 months for patients alive at the conclusion of this study.

RESULTS: Disease-free and disease-specific survivals, and the frequency and location of recurrence after surgery did not differ between the two types of operations. Multivariate analyses showed that the type of operation was not a significant independent variable in predicting disease-free survival or in the development of both local and distant recurrences after surgery. Tumor-related factors (stage or histologic grade) were significant predictors of oncological outcome.

CONCLUSIONS: The type of ultra-low anterior resection (DST or CAA) did not affect survival and recurrence after curative resection for carcinoma of the lower third of the rectum.


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"