[Clinical characteristics, in-hospital outcomes and predictors of in-hospital mortality in patients with acute coronary syndromes without persistent ST-segment elevation assigned to early invasive treatment strategy]

Bozena Szyguła-Jurkiewicz, Romuald Wojnicz, Przemysław Trzeciak, Tomasz Niklewski, Marian Zembala, Lech Poloński
Przegla̧d Lekarski 2005, 62 (5): 265-9

BACKGROUND: Early invasive strategy is one of alternative methods for management of acute coronary syndromes (ACS) without persistent ST-segment elevation.

HYPOTHESIS: The aim of the study was analysis of clinical characteristics, in-hospital outcome and factors of in-hospital mortality.

METHODS: The study group comprised 853 patients who were defined as high-risk, based on resting pain episodes within previous 24 hours, changes of ST-T segment in ECG, and elevated serum cardiac markers. All patients underwent coronary angiography followed by PCI (percutaneous coronary interventions) in 73.1% of patients. 16.7% were assigned to CABG (coronary artery bypass graft), 1.6% of patients underwent PCI and CABG and 8.6% of patients were treated conservatively.

RESULTS: Overall in-hospital mortality was 3%; 1.4% in the PCI group, 8.4% in the CABG group and 6.8% in conservatively treated patients. The independent risk factors of in-hospital deaths were: Braunwald's IIIC class angina (OR 7.8; 95%CI 3.6-12.37 p=0.004), recurrent angina after revascularization (OR 13.04; 95%CI 7.62-29.23 p=0.002), congestive heart failure (OR 11.45; 95%CI 8.01-18,38 p=0.00001) and evolving myocardial infarction with ST-segment elevation (OR 12.77; 95%CI 8.35-27.35 p=0.0001). Stent implantation was associated with decreased risk of in-hospital death (OR 0.12; 95%CI 0.07-0.41; p=0.003).

CONCLUSIONS: Early invasive strategy in patients with ACS without ST-segment elevation is efficacious method of treatment. Independent predictors of in-hospital deaths are: Braunwald's IIIC class angina, congestive heart failure, recurrent angina after revascularization, myocardial infarction complicating hospital course. Stent implantation improves in-hospital prognosis.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"