Nifedipine inhibited angiotensin II-induced monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 expression: involvement of inhibitor of nuclear factor kappa B kinase and nuclear factor kappa B-inducing kinase

Lan Wu, Masaru Iwai, Zhen Li, Jian-Mei Li, Masaki Mogi, Masatsugu Horiuchi
Journal of Hypertension 2006, 24 (1): 123-30

OBJECTIVE: The effect of nifedipine, a 1,4-dihydropyridine calcium antagonist, on the expression of monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1) induced by angiotensin II (Ang II) was examined using vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) isolated from rat thoracic aorta.

METHODS AND RESULTS: Ang II increased the expression of MCP-1 messenger RNA accompanied by an increase in nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kappaB) binding activity to the cis DNA element in the promoter region of MCP-1. Ang II also decreased the cytosolic level of the inhibitor of NF-kappaB (IkappaB) and increased the phosphorylation of IkappaB subunits, IkappaBalpha and IkappaBbeta, as well as the phosphorylation of IkappaB kinase (IKK) subunits, IKKalpha and IKKbeta, suggesting that Ang II enhanced the breakdown of IkappaB. Nifedipine decreased MCP-1 mRNA expression, together with NF-kappaB binding activity to the promoter region of MCP-1 induced by Ang II. Nifedipine also attenuated the decrease in the cytosolic level of IkappaB, and the phosphorylation of IkappaB and IKK subunits induced by Ang II. Moreover, Ang II increased the phosphorylation of NF-kappaB-inducing kinase (NIK), and this increase was significantly inhibited by nifedipine.

CONCLUSION: As NIK is reported to activate IKK, our results suggest that nifedipine attenuates the effect of Ang II on MCP-1 expression in VSMC by regulating the activity of NF-kappaB through NIK, IKK and IkappaB.


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