Induction of G2/M phase arrest by squamocin in chronic myeloid leukemia (K562) cells

Mei-Chin Lu, Sheng-Huei Yang, Shiuh-Lin Hwang, Yu-Jhang Lu, Yi-Hsiung Lin, Sen-Ren Wang, Yang-Chang Wu, Shinne-Ren Lin
Life Sciences 2006 April 11, 78 (20): 2378-83
Squamocin is one of the annonaceous acetogenins and has been reported to have anticancer activity. Squamocin was found to inhibit the growth of K562 cells in a time- and dose-dependent manner. Cell cycle analysis showed G2/M phase arrest in K562 cells following 24 h exposure to squamocin. During the G2/M arrest, cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors (CDKIs), p21 and p27 were increased in a dose-dependent manner. Analysis of the cell cycle regulatory proteins demonstrated that squamocin did not change the steady-state levels of Cdk2, Cdk4, cyclin A, cyclin B1, cyclin D3 and cyclin E, but decreased the protein levels of Cdk1 and Cdc25C. These results suggest that squamocin inhibits the proliferation of K562 cells via G2/M arrest in association with the induction of p21, p27 and the reduction of Cdk1 and Cdc25C kinase activities.

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