Effect of lysine-28 side-chain acetylation on the nanomechanical behavior of alzheimer amyloid beta25-35 fibrils

A Karsai, A Nagy, A Kengyel, Z Mártonfalvi, L Grama, B Penke, M S Z Kellermayer
Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling 2005, 45 (6): 1641-6
Amyloid fibrils are self-associating filamentous structures formed from the 39- to 42-residue-long amyloid beta peptide (Abeta peptide). The deposition of Abeta fibrils is one of the most important factors in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease. Abeta25-35 is a fibril-forming peptide that is thought to represent the biologically active, toxic form of the full-length Abeta peptide. We have recently shown that beta sheets can be mechanically unzipped from the fibril surface with constant forces in a reversible transition, and the unzipping forces differ in fibrils composed of different peptides. In the present work, we explored the effect of epsilon-amino acetylation of the Lys28 residue on the magnitude of the unzipping force of Abeta25-35 fibrils. Although the gross structure of the Lys28-acetylated (Abeta25-35_K28Ac) and wild-type Abeta25-35 (Abeta25-35wt) fibrils were similar, as revealed by atomic force microscopy, the fundamental unzipping forces were significantly lower for Abeta25-35_K28Ac (20 +/- 4 pN SD) than for Abeta25-35wt (42 +/- 9 pN SD). Simulations based on a simple two-state model suggest that the decreased unzipping forces, caused most likely by steric constraints, are likely due to a destabilized zippered state of the fibril.

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