MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search
OPEN IN READ APP
JOURNAL ARTICLE

QT-interval parameters are increased in systemic lupus erythematosus patients

C R L Cardoso, M A O Sales, J A S Papi, G F Salles
Lupus 2005, 14 (10): 846-52
16302681
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients have increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. QT-interval parameters are presumed markers of cardiovascular risk and have not been previously evaluated in SLE. Standard 12-lead ECGs were obtained from 140 female SLE outpatients and 37 age and body mass index-matched controls. QT interval was measured in each lead and heart rate-corrected maximum QT-interval duration (QTcmax) and QT-interval dispersion (QTd) were calculated. Risk factors for cardiovascular disease and lupus clinical features, disease treatment, disease activity and damage index were recorded. SLE patients have increased QT-interval parameters when compared to controls (QTcmax: 427.91 +/- 31.53 ms(1/2) versus 410.05 +/- 15.45 ms(1/2), P < 0.001; QTd: 52.38 +/- 22.21 ms versus 37.12 +/- 12.88 ms, P < 0.001). These differences persisted after excluding those patients with arterial hypertension, diabetes and with ECG abnormalities (QTcmax: 419.90 +/- 28.78 ms(1/2) versus 409.15 +/- 15.85 ms(1/2), P = 0.041; QTd: 54.74 +/- 26.00 ms versus 37.96 +/- 13.05 ms, P = 0.001). Multivariate linear regression for factors associated with QTcmax selected the presence of electrocardiographic left ventricular hypertrophy (ECG-LVH) (P = 0.003), nonspecific ST-T-wave abnormalities (P = 0.022) and left atrial enlargement (P = 0.044). Multivariate associates with QTd were age (P = 0.018), ECG-LVH (P = 0.022) and ST-T abnormalities (P = 0.031). In conclusion, SLE patients have increased QT interval parameters when compared to controls. This prolongation may lead to an increased cardiovascular risk. This finding might be due to subclinical atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease.

Comments

You need to log in or sign up for an account to be able to comment.

No comments yet, be the first to post one!

Related Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
16302681
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"