SRC tyrosine kinase and multidrug resistance protein-1 inhibitions act independently but cooperatively to restore paclitaxel sensitivity to paclitaxel-resistant ovarian cancer cells

Jessica A George, Ting Chen, Christopher C Taylor
Cancer Research 2005 November 15, 65 (22): 10381-8
Src tyrosine kinase has been found to be overexpressed in both mouse and human ovarian cancer cells as well as in human primary ovarian cancers. Furthermore, Src inhibition sensitizes ovarian cancer cells to chemotherapeutic agents such as paclitaxel and cisplatin. Interestingly, Src inhibition has also been shown to resensitize paclitaxel-resistant cells to the cytotoxic effects of paclitaxel. The current study was undertaken in an effort to determine the mechanism by which Src resensitizes drug-resistant ovarian cancer cells. The paclitaxel-resistant human (CaOV3TaxR) and mouse (ID8TaxR) ovarian cancer cell lines express large amounts of the multidrug resistance-1 (MDR-1) protein compared with the paclitaxel-sensitive parent cell lines. Src inhibition had no effect on MDR-1 protein expression. Furthermore, Src inhibition did not affect MDR-1 function as determined by rhodamine 123 and paclitaxel uptake or retention. Coinhibition of both Src and MDR-1 synergistically enhanced paclitaxel-induced cytotoxicity in paclitaxel-resistant ovarian cancer cell lines. Inhibition of Src enhanced microtubule stabilization in paclitaxel-resistant ovarian cancer cells treated with paclitaxel without affecting expression of beta-tubulin isotypes and resulted in multipolar spindle formation and apoptosis. These results show that Src inhibition restores paclitaxel sensitivity to paclitaxel-resistant ovarian cancer cells by an MDR-independent mechanism, possibly by decreasing the critical intracellular concentration at which paclitaxel induces tubulin stabilization and bundling. Src tyrosine kinase may provide a viable target for therapeutic intervention in drug-resistant ovarian cancer.

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