Predictors of return to work in patients sick listed for sub-acute low back pain: a 12-month follow-up study

Kjersti Storheim, Jens Ivar Brox, Inger Holm, Kari Bø
Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine 2005, 37 (6): 365-71

OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether personal and work-related factors, physical performance and back-specific questionnaires predict return to work. A prospective study identifying prognostic factors for return to work.

SUBJECTS: Ninety-three patients sick-listed for 8-12 weeks for non-specific sub-acute low back pain included in a randomized controlled trial.

METHODS: Patients were examined with regard to demographic variables, a battery of back-specific questionnaires and physical tests before entering a randomized controlled trial. A stepwise backward Cox regression model was established to identify the most powerful predictors.

RESULTS: During follow-up 78.5% of the patients have returned to full-time work. Fear-avoidance beliefs for work (relative risk (RR) for 1 SD change 0.49; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.38-0.64), disability (RR 1.39, 95% CI 1.02-1.88) and cardiovascular fitness (RR 1.42, 95% CI 1.12-1.79) were identified as the best predictors for return to work. The prevalence of correct predictions was 69.3%.

CONCLUSION: The predictors identified in the present study may reflect personal risk factors in a patient who gets acute low back pain. On the other hand, they may support that fear of pain and injury may be more disabling than pain itself, and that deconditioning is a result of altered behaviour reflecting attitudes towards low back pain in society, and information and advice given in primary healthcare.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"