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Bridging and dimensions of sella turcica in subjects treated by surgical-orthodontic means or orthodontics only

R M Jones, A Faqir, D T Millett, K F Moos, S McHugh
Angle Orthodontist 2005, 75 (5): 714-8
The aim of the study was to compare the incidence of sella turcica bridging and sella turcica dimensions in 150 Caucasian subjects who had combined surgical-orthodontic correction of their malocclusion with a randomly selected group of 150 Caucasian subjects who were treated contemporaneously by orthodontic means only. Pretreatment lateral cephalometric radiographs were scanned and analyzed. A sella turcica bridge was identified as a continuous band of bony tissue extending from the anterior cranial fossa to the posterior cranial fossa. The dimensions of the sella turcica were measured. In the group treated by combined surgical-orthodontic means, the incidence of bridging was 16.7%, whereas it was 7.3% in the orthodontics-only group (P = .012). Significant increases in the mean surface area (P = .02) and mean perimeter of the sella turcica (P = .01) were found for the combined surgical-orthodontic group compared with the orthodontics-only group. The mean interclinoid distance was significantly smaller in the surgical-orthodontic group (P = .02). These findings appear to indicate the greater likelihood of sella turcica bridging and abnormal sella turcica dimensions in subjects treated by combined surgical-orthodontic means rather than by orthodontics only.


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