IL-17 suppresses TNF-alpha-induced CCL27 production through induction of COX-2 in human keratinocytes

Naoko Kanda, Satsuki Koike, Shinichi Watanabe
Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology 2005, 116 (5): 1144-50

BACKGROUND: The chemokine CCL27 attracts skin-homing T cells. CCL27 production by keratinocytes is dependent on nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB) activity and enhanced in lesions of patients with atopic dermatitis, psoriasis vulgaris, or allergic contact dermatitis. IL-17 is released from activated memory T cells and modulates skin inflammation.

OBJECTIVE: We examined the in vitro effects of IL-17 on TNF-alpha-induced CCL27 production in human keratinocytes.

METHODS: Keratinocytes were incubated with TNF-alpha, IL-17, or both. CCL27 secretion and mRNA levels were analyzed by means of ELISA and RT-PCR, respectively. COX-2 promoter and NF-kappaB activities were analyzed by using luciferase assays. COX-2 protein levels were analyzed by means of Western blotting.

RESULTS: IL-17 suppressed TNF-alpha-induced CCL27 secretion and mRNA expression and NF-kappaB activity in keratinocytes. The COX-2 inhibitor NS398 counteracted the effects of IL-17, and prostaglandin E(2) prevented counteraction by NS398. IL-17 alone or synergistically with TNF-alpha increased prostaglandin E(2) release from keratinocytes, and the increase was suppressed by NS398. IL-17 alone or synergistically with TNF-alpha increased COX-2 mRNA and protein levels, promoter activity, and mRNA stability. The stimulatory effects of IL-17 on COX-2 expression were suppressed by inhibitors of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) kinase. IL-17 alone or synergistically with TNF-alpha induced dual phosphorylation of p38 MAPK and ERK.

CONCLUSION: IL-17 might suppress TNF-alpha-induced CCL27 production by inhibiting NF-kappaB through induction of COX-2. The induction of COX-2 might be mediated by activation of p38 MAPK and ERK. T cell-derived IL-17 might alleviate T-cell skin infiltration through inhibition of CCL27 production.

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