[Preliminary results of primary implantation of flexible intraocular lenses in infants under 1 year of age].
The paper presents the results of surgical treatment in 12 (12 eyes) infants aged 3 to 11 months who had different forms of unilateral congenital cataract. The surgical techniques involved the following stages: formation of a sclerocorneal tunnel cut, 3.5 mm in width, anterior continuous circular capsulotomy (anterior capsular rhexis), aspiration-irrigation techniques for removal lens masses, implantation of a flexible intraocular lens (IOL) into the capsular sac, graded opening of the posterior capsule with anterior vitrectomy in some infants. The authors could achieve symmetrical capsular rhexis in 75% and intracapsular IOL fixation in all the cases. During 3-month-to-2-year follow-ups after surgery, IOL held its position in the capsular sac; IOL dislocation and lenticular body capture were not observed in any case.
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