Biomechanical investigation of optimal fixation of isolated talonavicular joint fusion

Jonathan F Rosenfeld, Brent G Parks, Lew C Schon
American Journal of Orthopedics 2005, 34 (9): 445-8
Despite reports of high nonunion rates for isolated talonavicular fusion, this procedure may be indicated for some patients, including those for whom increased stability of the talonavicular joint in triple arthrodesis is needed. In the biomechanical cadaveric study reported here, we evaluated fixation methods used to provide optimal stability of talonavicular arthrodesis. A physiologic 3-point loading model was used to measure dorsal displacement of the navicular on the talus with 1 or 2 cannulated 4.5-mm screws across the talonavicular joint both with and without one 7.3-mm cannulated screw across the subtalar joint. Statistically significant differences in displacement under cyclic loading to one-half body weight were found. Use of 2 talonavicular screws and no subtalar screw or 1 talonavicular screw plus 1 subtalar screw decreased the motion, as compared with use of 1 talonavicular screw and no subtalar screw.

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