The effect of statin therapy on plasma high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels is modified by paraoxonase-1 in patients with familial hypercholesterolaemia

T M Himbergen, L J H van Tits, H A M Voorbij, J de Graaf, A F H Stalenhoef, M Roest
Journal of Internal Medicine 2005, 258 (5): 442-9

OBJECTIVES: Statins reduce low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and can raise high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C). HDL-bound paraoxonase-1 (PON1) is associated with variations in plasma HDL-C, and may, therefore, contribute to changes of HDL-C during statin therapy.

DESIGN: The effects of baseline PON1 status to HDL-C changes because of statin therapy were investigated. PON1 status was determined with (i) PON1 -107C>T and 192Q>R genotype, (ii) PON1 levels and (iii) PON1 paraoxonase, diazoxonase and arylesterase activity.

SETTING: Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, the Netherlands.

SUBJECTS: A total of 134 familial hypercholesterolaemia (FH) patients undergoing atorvastatin or simvastatin therapy.

RESULTS: PON1 levels and activities significantly modified the HDL-C increment (P=0.002 for PON1 levels and arylesterase activity and P=0.001 for diazoxonase activity). The effects were even more evident amongst subgroup classifications based on PON1 status and baseline HDL-C concentrations: the HDL-C increment was more pronounced in subgroups of -107CT/TT or 192QR/RR genotype combined with low baseline HDL-C (+13.9%, P<0.001, respectively+15.4%, P<0.001). In contrast, the -107CC or 192QQ genotype in combination with high baseline HDL-C, did not show a significant increase of HDL-C.

CONCLUSIONS: PON1 status in conjunction with baseline HDL-C levels predicts HDL-C increment during statin therapy in FH patients.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"