Maffucci's syndrome: a case report

Afaf Faik, Fadoua Allali, Selma El Hassani, Najia Hajjaj-Hassouni
Clinical Rheumatology 2006, 25 (1): 88-91
Maffucci's syndrome is a congenital nonhereditary syndrome characterized by a combination of enchondromatosis and hemangiomatosis. It is associated with an increased risk of malignancy. We report a case of a 24-year-old woman who developed severe bone distortion due to generalized enchondromas since the age of 2 years. Physical examination showed a marked shortening of both upper and lower limbs and cutaneous hemangioma in the legs. Radiological study showed symmetric well-circumscribed radiolucent cystic lesions in the hands and severe metaphysical irregularity and a shortening of all long bones. The biopsy of the third right metacarpal showed enchondroma tissue. Histological examination of the skin specimen showed a hemangioendothelioma. The diagnosis of Maffucci's syndrome was established. Abdominal ultrasound, mammography, cerebral computed tomography (CT) scan, and cervical CT were normal.

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