Circulating angiogenic factors in the pathogenesis and prediction of preeclampsia

Chun Lam, Kee-Hak Lim, S Ananth Karumanchi
Hypertension 2005, 46 (5): 1077-85
Preeclampsia is a major cause of maternal, fetal, and neonatal mortality worldwide. Although the etiology of preeclampsia is still unclear, recent studies suggest that its major phenotypes, high blood pressure and proteinuria, are due in part to excess circulating soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1 concentrations. Soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1 is an endogenous antiangiogenic protein that is made by the placenta and acts by neutralizing the proangiogenic proteins vascular endothelial growth factor and placental growth factor. High serum soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1 and low serum free placental growth factor and free vascular endothelial growth factor have been observed in preeclampsia. Abnormalities in these circulating angiogenic proteins are not only present during clinical preeclampsia but also antedate clinical symptoms by several weeks. Therefore, this raises the possibility of measuring circulating angiogenic proteins in the blood and the urine as a diagnostic and screening tool for preeclampsia. The availability of a test to predict preeclampsia would be a powerful tool in preventing preeclampsia-induced mortality, especially in developing nations, where high-risk specialists are limited. This review will summarize our current understanding of the role of circulating angiogenic proteins in the pathogenesis and clinical diagnosis/prediction of preeclampsia.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"