Diagnosing traumatic arterial injury in the extremities with CT angiography: pearls and pitfalls

Michelle M Miller-Thomas, O Clark West, Alan M Cohen
Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc 2005, 25 Suppl 1: S133-42
Computed tomographic (CT) angiography is a reliable and convenient imaging modality for diagnosing arterial injuries after blunt and penetrating trauma to the extremities. It is a noninvasive modality that could replace conventional arteriography as the initial diagnostic study for arterial injuries after trauma to the extremities. The technique requires scanning with multidetector helical CT after rapid intravenous injection of iodinated contrast material. The CT angiographic signs of arterial injuries in the extremities are active extravasation of contrast material, pseudoaneurysm formation, abrupt narrowing of an artery, loss of opacification of a segment of artery, and arteriovenous fistula formation. Metallic streak artifact, motion artifact, and inadequate arterial opacification may render a CT angiogram nondiagnostic. Studies have shown the sensitivity of CT angiography to be 90%-95.1% and its specificity 98.7%-100% for detecting arterial injury to the extremities after trauma.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.