JOURNAL ARTICLE
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Newborn screening for congenital adrenal hyperplasia has reduced sensitivity in girls.

OBJECTIVES: To characterize Wisconsin-born infants with 21-hydroxylase deficiency-congenital adrenal hyperplasia (21-OH-D-CAH) who were not identified by the newborn screening for 21-OH-D-CAH, and to examine male and female screening 17-hydroxyprogesterone (17-OHP) levels.

STUDY DESIGN: Information on infants with false-negative results was gathered. Results of the Wisconsin newborn screening for 21-OH-D-CAH from January 1, 2000, to June 30, 2003, were analyzed to detect possible differences between male (n=119,842) and female (n=114,951) infants.

RESULTS: Six of 7 female infants with false-negative results had genital masculinization, and 4 of 8 infants with false-negative results had laboratory evidence of salt-wasting. None died, had a salt-wasting crisis, or was assigned the wrong sex. A significant difference in the mean 17-OHP levels between male (17.5 ng/mL) and female (15.4 ng/mL) infants (P <.0001) was detected. The sensitivity of newborn screening for female infants was 60%, compared with 80% for male infants.

CONCLUSIONS: Male and female infants have significantly different mean 17-OHP levels on newborn screening, and female infants comprise most of the infants with false-negative results. Although health professionals should not assume that newborn screening for 21-OH-D-CAH is a means of identifying all affected infants, the primary goals of newborn screening for CAH (prevention of salt-wasting crises and sex misassignment) are fulfilled.

Full text links

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Group 7SearchHeart failure treatmentPapersTopicsCollectionsEffects of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors for the Treatment of Patients With Heart Failure Importance: Only 1 class of glucose-lowering agents-sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors-has been reported to decrease the risk of cardiovascular events primarily by reducingSeptember 1, 2017: JAMA CardiologyAssociations of albuminuria in patients with chronic heart failure: findings in the ALiskiren Observation of heart Failure Treatment study.CONCLUSIONS: Increased UACR is common in patients with heart failure, including non-diabetics. Urinary albumin creatininineJul, 2011: European Journal of Heart FailureRandomized Controlled TrialEffects of Liraglutide on Clinical Stability Among Patients With Advanced Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction: A Randomized Clinical Trial.Review

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Read by QxMD is copyright © 2021 QxMD Software Inc. All rights reserved. By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app