Plasma level of endogenous secretory RAGE is associated with components of the metabolic syndrome and atherosclerosis

Hidenori Koyama, Takuhito Shoji, Hisayo Yokoyama, Kohka Motoyama, Katsuhito Mori, Shinya Fukumoto, Masanori Emoto, Tetsuo Shoji, Hironori Tamei, Hirokazu Matsuki, Shigeru Sakurai, Yasuhiko Yamamoto, Hideto Yonekura, Takuo Watanabe, Hiroshi Yamamoto, Yoshiki Nishizawa
Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology 2005, 25 (12): 2587-93

OBJECTIVE: Advanced glycation endproducts, AGEs, and its specific receptor, RAGE, are involved in diabetic vascular complications. Endogenous secretory RAGE, esRAGE, has been identified as an alternatively spliced form of RAGE, and shown to act as a decoy receptor for AGE. Here, we measured plasma esRAGE level with a recently developed enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and examined its association with atherosclerosis in age- and gender-matched 203 type 2 diabetic and 134 nondiabetic subjects.

METHODS AND RESULTS: Plasma esRAGE was inversely associated with carotid or femoral atherosclerosis, as quantitatively measured as intimal-medial thickness (IMT) by arterial ultrasound. Stepwise regression analyses revealed that plasma esRAGE was the third strongest and independent factor associated with carotid IMT, following age and systolic blood pressure. Plasma esRAGE was significantly lower in diabetic patients (0.176+/-0.092 ng/mL) than nondiabetic controls (0.253+/-0.111). Of note, in all, diabetic or nondiabetic group, plasma esRAGE was significantly and inversely correlated with components of the metabolic syndrome including body mass index, blood pressure, triglyceride, HbA1c, or an insulin resistance index. Stepwise regression analyses showed that body mass index or insulin resistance index was the major factor determining plasma esRAGE in all, nondiabetic or diabetic population.

CONCLUSIONS: esRAGE is a novel and potential protective factor for the metabolic syndrome and atherosclerosis.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"