Stem cell transplantation with reduced-intensity conditioning for hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis

Nichola Cooper, Kanchan Rao, Kimberly Gilmour, Lema Hadad, Stuart Adams, Cathy Cale, Graham Davies, David Webb, Paul Veys, Persis Amrolia
Blood 2006 February 1, 107 (3): 1233-6
Allogeneic stem cell transplantation (SCT) is curative for hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH). However, patients frequently have significant morbidity before transplantation and there is high transplant-related mortality (TRM). Because first-degree HLH is caused by immune dysregulation, a reduced-intensity conditioned (RIC) regimen might be sufficient for cure while decreasing the TRM. Twelve patients with HLH underwent RIC SCT from a matched family/unrelated or haploidentical donor. Eleven were conditioned with fludarabine/melphalan with additional busulphan for haploidentical grafts. One received fludarabine and 2-Gy total body irradiation (TBI). All patients showed engraftment at a median of 14 days. Nine of 12 (75%) are alive and in complete remission (CR) a median of 30 months (range, 9-73 months) after SCT. Two patients died from pneumonitis and one from hepatic rupture. Four patients developed acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) and 3 have chronic GVHD. Three of 9 survivors have mixed chimerism but remain free of disease. In summary, RIC compares favorably to conventional SCT with long-term disease control in surviving patients despite a significant incidence of mixed chimerism.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"