Hypertension induced by nitric oxide synthase inhibitor increases responsiveness of ventricular myocardium and aorta of rat tissue to adrenomedullin stimulation in vitro

Chun Shui Pan, Wei Jiang, Guang Zhen Zhong, Jing Zhao, Yong Zheng Pang, Chao Shu Tang, Yong Fen Qi
Life Sciences 2005 December 12, 78 (4): 398-405
In this work, we aimed to observe the changes in adrenomedullin (ADM) and its receptor-calcitonin receptor-like receptor (CL), receptor activity-modifying protein (RAMP) 1, RAMP2 and RAMP3-in cardiac ventricles and aortas of hypertensive rats, and the responsiveness of injured cardiovascular tissue to ADM, then to illustrate the protective mechanism of ADM on the cardiovascular system. Male SD rats were subjected to treatment with chronic N(G)-nitro-L-arginine (L-NNA), an inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase. The ADM contents and cAMP production in myocardia and aortas were measured by RIA. The mRNA levels of ADM, CL, and RAMP1-3 were determined by RT-PCR. L-NNA induced severe hypertension and cardiomegaly. The ir-ADM content in plasma, ventricles and aortas in L-NNA-treated animals increased by 80%, 72% and 57% (all p<0.01), respectively. Furthermore, mRNA levels of ADM, CL, RAMP2 and RAMP3 were elevated by 91%, 33%, 50% and 72.5% (all p<0.01), respectively, in ventricles and by 95%, 177%, 74.7% and 85% (all p<0.01), respectively, in aortas. mRNA level of RAMP1 was elevated by 129% (p<0.01) in aortas but no significant difference in ventricles. The elevated mRNA levels of RAMP2 and RAMP3 were positively correlated with that of ADM in hypertrophic ventricles (r=0.633 and 0.828, p<0.01, respectively) and the elevated mRNA levels of CL, RAMP2 and RAMP3 were positively correlated with that of ADM in aortas (r=0.941, 0.943 and 0.736, all p<0.01, respectively). The response of ventricular myocardia and aortas to ADM administration potentiated, and the production of cAMP was increased by 41% and 68% (both p<0.01), respectively. ADM-stimulated cAMP generation in ventricular myocardia and aortas was blocked by administration of both ADM22-52, the specific antagonist of ADM receptor, and CGRP8-37, the antagonist of the CGRP1 receptor. The results showed an increased in cardiovascular ADM generation and an up-regulation of the gene expression of ADM and its receptor-CL, RAMP1-3 during hypertension, augmented responsiveness of ventricular myocardia and aortas of hypertensive rats to ADM, suggesting that these receptors may play a role in the cardiovascular adaptation in response to sub-chronic NO-inhibition.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"