JOURNAL ARTICLE

A small molecule compound inhibits AKT pathway in ovarian cancer cell lines

Huai-Jing Tang, Xiaohong Jin, Shaomeng Wang, Dajun Yang, Yeyu Cao, Jianyong Chen, Dana R Gossett, Jiayuh Lin
Gynecologic Oncology 2006, 100 (2): 308-17
16209885

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Overactivation of AKT1 and gene amplification of AKT2 are frequently detected in ovarian cancer. Activated AKT kinases provide a cell survival signal that may confer resistance to apoptosis induced by conventional therapies in cancer cells. Therefore, development of potent inhibitors that block AKT pathway is an attractive therapeutic strategy for treating ovarian carcinoma.

METHODS: Ovarian cancer cell lines, A2780, MDAH2774, OVCAR-8, Caov-3, and normal murine fibroblasts (NIH3T3) were used. Cells were treated with different doses of a non-peptide small molecule compound, 9-methoxy-2-methylellipticinium acetate (termed API-59-OME) that potentially inhibit AKT pathway. Kinase assays and the phosphorylation of AKT, GSK-3alpha/beta, PDK1, ERK1/2, SGK, p38, FAK, EGFR, JAK2, PKC isoforms, and the cleavage of poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) were examined in treated and untreated cell lines. Further, cells treated with API-59-OME were analyzed for induction of apoptosis using sub-G1 profile with propidium iodide staining.

RESULTS: API-59-OME inhibited AKT kinase activity but did not inhibit ERK or JNK kinase activities in A2780, MDAH2774, and OVCAR-8 cell lines. API-59-OME did not reduce phosphorylation of other protein kinases in these cell lines. API-59-OME induced apoptosis and the cleavage of PARP in A2780, MDAH2774, and OVCAR-8 ovarian cancer cell lines that express elevated levels of phosphorylated AKT. In contrast, in Caov-3 and NIH3T3 cell lines, which lack constitutive AKT activity, API-59-OME only had minimal effect to induce apoptosis.

CONCLUSION: These data suggest that API-59-OME may be a potent agent to target constitutively activated AKT pathway in ovarian cancer cells.

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