Analogs of GnRH-I and GnRH-II inhibit epidermal growth factor-induced signal transduction and resensitize resistant human breast cancer cells to 4OH-tamoxifen

Andreas R Günthert, Carsten Gründker, Agnes Olota, Julia Läsche, Nicola Eicke, Günter Emons
European Journal of Endocrinology 2005, 153 (4): 613-25
About 50-64% of human breast cancers express receptors for GnRH-I. Direct antiproliferative effects of analogs of GnRH-I on human breast cancer cell lines have been shown. They are at least in part mediated by antagonizing growth promoting effects of estradiol, epidermal growth factor (EGF) or insulin-like growth factor. Recently, expression of a putative receptor for GnRH-II in human tissues was demonstrated. Antiproliferative effects of GnRH-II in human endometrial and ovarian cancer cells were shown not to be mediated through the GnRH-I receptor. Now we demonstrate direct anti-proliferative effects of the GnRH-I analog Triptorelin and the GnRH-II analog [d-Lys(6)]GnRH-II in MCF-7 and T47D human breast cancer cells expressing GnRH-I receptors and putative GnRH-II receptors. Pretreatment with Triptorelin or [d-Lys(6)]GnRH-II blocked EGF-induced autophosphoryla-tion of EGF receptor and activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase (extracellular-signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2)) in these cells. In sublines of MCF-7 and T47D cells, which were developed to be resistant to 4OH-tamoxifen, HER-2/p185 was overexpressed. Pretreatment of these cell lines with Triptorelin or [d-Lys(6)]GnRH-II completely abolished resistance to 4OH-tamoxifen, assessed by 4OH-tamoxifen-induced apoptosis. Analogs of GnRH-I and GnRH-II counteract EGF-dependent signal transduction in human breast cancer cells with expression of receptors for GnRH-I and GnRH-II. Through this mechanism, they probably reverse acquired resistance to 4OH-tamoxifen mediated through overexpression or activation of receptors of the c-erbB family.

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