Increased superoxide anion production by interleukin-1beta impairs nitric oxide-mediated relaxation in resistance arteries

Francesc Jiménez-Altayó, Ana M Briones, Jesús Giraldo, Anna M Planas, Mercedes Salaices, Elisabet Vila
Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 2006, 316 (1): 42-52
The present study was designed to analyze the effect of long-term incubation with interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) on endothelium-dependent relaxation in rat mesenteric resistance arteries. Vessels were incubated in culture medium with or without IL-1beta (10 ng/ml, 14 h). Changes in lumen diameter were recorded in a pressure myograph. Protein expression, nitrite, and superoxide anion (O(2)(.)) production were evaluated by either Western blot or immunofluorescence, Griess reaction, and ethidium fluorescence, respectively. IL-1beta impaired acetylcholine (ACh) and sodium nitroprusside (SNP) vasodilation and increased nitrite and O(2)(.) production and inducible nitric-oxide synthase (iNOS), xanthine oxidase, and p22(phox) expression. However, neither endothelial nitric-oxide synthase (NOS) nor soluble guanylate cyclase protein expression were affected by IL-1beta treatment. Polyethylene glycol superoxide dismutase partially reversed the impairment of ACh relaxation and abolished the O(2)(.) production observed in IL-1beta-treated arteries. The impairment of ACh relaxation induced by IL-1beta was also partially reversed by the xanthine oxidase inhibitor allopurinol (1 mM) but not by either the NADPH oxidase inhibitor apocynin (0.3 mM) or the inducible NOS inhibitor N-3-aminomethylbenzylacetamidine (1 microM). However, all these inhibitors improved the impaired SNP response. The results of the present study demonstrate that long-term incubation with IL-1beta induces an impairment of the nitric oxide-mediated relaxation in mesenteric resistance arteries through the production of O(2)(.), mainly from xanthine oxidase.

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