Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome as the initial manifestation of Guillain-Barré Syndrome

Ali Elahi, Praful Kelkar, Erik K St Louis
Neurocritical Care 2004, 1 (4): 465-8

BACKGROUND: Guillain-Barré Syndrome (GBS) frequently affects autonomic nerves with subsequent fluctuations in blood pressure. Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a descriptive radiological term for hypertensive encephalopathy. This article describes a unique case in which autonomic neuropathy led to marked elevations in blood pressure with subsequent PRES prior to the significant motor weakness and diagnosis of GBS.

METHODS: To describe a patient who presented with PRES and GBS.

RESULTS: A 58-year-old female presented to the local emergency room with complaints of acute sharp thoracolumbar back pain. Within the following 2 days, her blood pressure showed marked elevation with sudden episodic falls. She subsequently became encephalopathic and had a tonic-clonic seizure. Brain MRI was consistent with PRES. By day 5 of her initial presentation, she had developed weakness and areflexia with the electrophysiological findings of GBS. Her sensorium recovered, and MRI changes reversed with control of blood pressure. She was treated with intravenous immunoglobulin with full recovery back to baseline over the next 4 to 5 months.

CONCLUSION: The autonomic effects of GBS may cause hypertensive encephalopathy or PRES prior to the motor manifestations.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"