Stress-induced eating in restrained eaters may not be caused by stress or restraint

Michael R Lowe, Tanja V E Kral
Appetite 2006, 46 (1): 16-21
Restrained eaters tend to increase and unrestrained eaters to decrease their food intake when stressed. This relationship, though robust, does not appear to be caused by restrained eating or by stress per se. For restraint, evidence indicates that none of the common operationalizations of restraint can account for restraint-related effects that have been examined to date. It is therefore unlikely that restraint is responsible for stress-induced eating in restrained eaters. Rather, behavioral and physiological data suggest that restrained eating may be a proxy risk factor for vulnerability to weight gain. For stress, a variety of minimally stressful perturbations (e.g. non-threatening cognitive loads) have been shown to elicit increased intake in restrained eaters. Thus, the negative affect created by manipulations used to create stress (e.g. scary movies, failure at a task) does not appear to be necessary to provoke overeating. An adequate explanation for stress-induced eating in restrained eaters remains elusive.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"