Cardiac troponins and renal function in nondialysis patients with chronic kidney disease

Nasir A Abbas, R Ian John, Michelle C Webb, Michelle E Kempson, Aisling N Potter, Christopher P Price, Susan Vickery, Edmund J Lamb
Clinical Chemistry 2005, 51 (11): 2059-66

BACKGROUND: Serum cardiac troponin concentrations are commonly increased in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in the absence of an acute coronary syndrome (ACS). The data on cardiac troponin I (cTnI) are more variable than those for cardiac troponin T (cTnT). There is little information on cardiac troponin concentrations in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) who have not commenced dialysis.

METHODS: We studied 222 patients: 56 had stage 3 (moderate CKD); 70 stage 4 (severe CKD); and 96 stage 5 (kidney failure). Patients underwent echocardiography and were followed prospectively for a median of 19 months; all-cause mortality was recorded.

RESULTS: Overall, serum cTnT was increased above the 99th percentile reference limit in 43% of all CKD patients studied, compared with 18% for cTnI. Serum cTnT and cTnI concentrations were more commonly increased in the presence of more severe CKD (11 and 6 patients in stage 3, 27 and 8 in stage 4, and 57 and 24 in stage 5 (P < 0.0001 and <0.02, respectively). Among 38 patients with detectable cTnI, 32 had detectable cTnT (r(s) = 0.67; P < 0.0001). There was evidence that decreasing estimated glomerular filtration rate increased the odds of having detectable cTnT (P < 0.001) but not cTnI (P = 0.128). There was no evidence to support an adjusted association of detectable cardiac troponins with increasing left ventricular mass index. Increased cTnT (P = 0.0097), but not cTnI, was associated with decreased survival.

CONCLUSIONS: Increased cTnT and cTnI concentrations are relatively common in predialysis CKD patients, in the absence of an ACS, including among those with stage 3 disease. The presence of left ventricular hypertrophy alone does not explain these data. Detectable cTnT was a marker of decreased survival.

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