REVIEW
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

The spectrum of renal tubular acidosis in paediatric Sjögren syndrome.

Rheumatology 2006 January
OBJECTIVES: Renal tubular acidosis (RTA) is a well-recognized extraglandular complication of adult Sjögren syndrome (SS) but has been reported only rarely in paediatric SS. We wished to describe the natural history of RTA in paediatric SS.

METHODS: We performed a chart and literature review. Inclusion criteria were primary or secondary SS with onset before 18 yr of age, complicated by RTA before 18 yr of age.

RESULTS: Twelve cases were identified: two from chart review and 10 from the literature. RTA was mostly associated with primary SS. RTA was detected at the onset of SS or up to 9 yr later. The clinical spectrum ranged from nearly silent to life-threatening, with plasma pH and serum potassium as low as 7.0 and 1.2 mEq/l, respectively. Hypokalaemia was present in 92%. Half the patients presented with profound weakness or paralysis, most likely from hypokalaemia. Proximal, distal and mixed RTA were detected, reflecting a diffuse 'tubulopathy' from interstitial nephritis, which was the predominant histopathological finding. Diabetes insipidus was the most frequent renal comorbidity. The RTA stabilized in 82% of the cases and resolved in one case. Only one patient had long-term unstable RTA.

CONCLUSIONS: RTA is an under-recognized complication of paediatric SS. It can be life-threatening in the acute phase but generally has a good long-term renal outcome. SS should be considered in the older child with otherwise unexplained RTA. Likewise, RTA should be excluded in children and adolescents with SS who develop weakness, fatigue or growth failure. Early recognition would reduce long-term complications such as growth failure.

Full text links

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Group 7SearchHeart failure treatmentPapersTopicsCollectionsEffects of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors for the Treatment of Patients With Heart Failure Importance: Only 1 class of glucose-lowering agents-sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors-has been reported to decrease the risk of cardiovascular events primarily by reducingSeptember 1, 2017: JAMA CardiologyAssociations of albuminuria in patients with chronic heart failure: findings in the ALiskiren Observation of heart Failure Treatment study.CONCLUSIONS: Increased UACR is common in patients with heart failure, including non-diabetics. Urinary albumin creatininineJul, 2011: European Journal of Heart FailureRandomized Controlled TrialEffects of Liraglutide on Clinical Stability Among Patients With Advanced Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction: A Randomized Clinical Trial.Review

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Read by QxMD is copyright © 2021 QxMD Software Inc. All rights reserved. By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app