[Home intravenous antibiotic treatment: a study in 515 patients]

Humberto Mendoza-Ruiz de Zuazu, Javier Casas-Arrate, Carlos Martínez-Martínez, Itziar de la Maza, José Regalado de los Cobos, Juan Miguel Cía-Ruiz
Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica 2005, 23 (7): 396-401

OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of therapy, type of infection, hospital department of origin and outcome of 515 cases of infection requiring home intravenous antibiotic therapy treated by the home care service.

METHODS: The clinical records of patients undergoing intravenous antibiotic therapy through the home care service over a 6-year period were retrospectively reviewed.

RESULTS: A total of 439 patients (244M/195F; mean age, 55.9 years, range 7-96) requiring 515 courses of home intravenous antibiotic therapy were reviewed. Mean duration of antibiotic therapy was 7.9 days (1-58). Urinary (42.3%) and respiratory infections (25.8%) were the most frequent indications for home treatment. Most patients were referred from the emergency room (50.5%) followed by the Internal Medicine Department (11.5%) and Oncology Department (11.1%). Ceftriaxone was the most widely prescribed antibiotic (41.8%) followed by aminoglycosides (35.3%) and glycopeptides (11.7%). In 49 cases electronic infusion pumps were used, with ceftazidime being the predominant antibiotic (32.7%) in these cases. Hospitalization was required in 7% of patients due to infectious disease-related complications. Clinical outcome was positive in 79% of the patients, with improvement in 90% of patients from the emergency room

CONCLUSIONS: The advantages of home care services to provide home intravenous antibiotic therapy are evident. More than half of the patients were referred from the emergency room and 90% of these progressed well. The presence of medical and nursing staff qualified to handle infectious diseases is necessary, as well as continuing home care.

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