COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL

A prospective randomized study to compare ultrasound-guided with nonultrasound-guided double lumen internal jugular catheter insertion as a temporary hemodialysis access

Ravi Bansal, S K Agarwal, S C Tiwari, S C Dash
Renal Failure 2005, 27 (5): 561-4
16152994

UNLABELLED: Internal jugular venous catheters (IJVC) for hemodialysis are a commonly employed temporary vascular access for hemodialysis. Most hospitals still follow the use of blind technique, which uses anatomical landmarks. Even in the most experienced hands this procedure has a variable success rate. Ultrasound guidance can decrease the incidence of periprocedural complications and improve the success rate. In this randomized study we compared the procedure success rate and periprocedural complications in patients undergoing ultrasound guided vs. nonultrasound guided IJVC insertion for a temporary hemodialysis access.

METHODS: All patients subjected to insertion of an IJVC between March 2004 and June 2004 were enrolled into the study, randomized to either the blind (group A) or ultrasound guided (group B) procedure, which uses a portable ordinary ultrasound machine without a needle guide. The aseptic Saldinger technique was used for catheterization in both the groups. Baseline characteristics of patient and periprocedural events were recorded.

RESULTS: A total of 60 patients were randomized, 30 patients each in two groups. First attempt venous cannulation success rate was 56.7% in group A compared to 86.7% in group B. Chance of occurrence of adverse outcome was significantly more in the blind procedure (P=0.020). A post-procedure chest radiograph done in all patient showed no complications.

CONCLUSION: Ultrasound guided procedure for internal jugular vein catheter insertion using an ordinary ultrasound machine was significantly safer and more successful as compared to the blind technique.

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