[Fracture of the calcaneus]

H Zwipp, S Rammelt, S Barthel
Der Unfallchirurg 2005, 108 (9): 737-47; quiz 748
Although screw or plate fixation of the fractured calcaneus was first described in the 1920s, surgical treatment using open anatomical reduction and stable internal fixation only commenced at the start of the 1980s. This treatment was made possible by the introduction of new imaging methods such as CT which allowed better detection of the fracture pathology and provided the basis for new surgical strategies. New procedures, including modified surgical approaches related to vascular anatomy, arthroscopic control of the subtalar joint during open or closed reduction, early free flap coverage in severe open or closed fractures with full-thickness skin necrosis, increasingly available (3)D intraoperative radiographic monitoring, and the use of interlocking calcaneus plates, have significantly improved the functional outcome in the treatment of fractures of the calcaneus.

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