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Post-polio syndrome. An emerging threat to polio survivors.

The manifestations of post-polio syndrome typically occur 20 to 40 years after an acute episode of poliomyelitis and are confined to previously affected muscles. Because of motor unit remodeling and direct mechanical damage, weakness increases in individual muscles until it exceeds their narrow margin of reserve and becomes clinically apparent. Although the exact cause is not clear, generalized weakness often occurs when several muscles are affected and various postural limb strategies used by the patient are no longer able to compensate for the loss of muscle strength. The mainstays of treatment are life-style changes to avoid overexertion and use of light-weight orthoses and assistive aids to unload the extremities. Exercise and surgery have a limited role in management.

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Group 7SearchHeart failure treatmentPapersTopicsCollectionsEffects of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors for the Treatment of Patients With Heart Failure Importance: Only 1 class of glucose-lowering agents-sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors-has been reported to decrease the risk of cardiovascular events primarily by reducingSeptember 1, 2017: JAMA CardiologyAssociations of albuminuria in patients with chronic heart failure: findings in the ALiskiren Observation of heart Failure Treatment study.CONCLUSIONS: Increased UACR is common in patients with heart failure, including non-diabetics. Urinary albumin creatininineJul, 2011: European Journal of Heart FailureRandomized Controlled TrialEffects of Liraglutide on Clinical Stability Among Patients With Advanced Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction: A Randomized Clinical Trial.Review

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